Short research essay: From the list below pick one concept or issue:
(1) Non-conviction Based Confiscation (NBC)
(2) Dual criminality in Mutual Legal Assistance in criminal matters (3) Civil proceedings for asset recovery
(4) Informal requests for international cooperation in asset recovery (5) Pre-seizure/pre-confiscation plan for asset management Please explain these concepts/legal positions/plans briefly in the context of asset recovery in corruption cases, and highlight its importance as an opportunity or a challenge in the asset recovery process. Support your arguments with any real case of asset recovery pertaining to corruption where these concepts/legal positions/plans were actually used, and analyse briefly the reasons for success or failure by using these.